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YOU BE THE JUDGE: WHEAT

JUDGE ALONG AT THE KANSAS STATE FAIR

WHEAT

Wheat will be judged on the basis of:


Seed quality, Uniformity, Commercial Grade, and Condition
  • All kernels of the sample should resemble one another in shape, color and general appearance.
  • Kernels should be the same size and shape throughout wheat to secure uniformity.
  • Grain should all be of the same color. No mixture of red and white kernels.
  • There should be no mixture of oats, barley or any other grain. Must be pure wheat.
  • The sample as a whole should be large and plump, not small or shrunken.

Did you know?

  • There are two major types of wheat planted in the United States – winter wheat and spring wheat.
  • Winter wheat is planted in the fall and harvested the following spring/summer.
  • Spring wheat is planted in the spring and harvested in late summer/fall.
  • Wheat is an annual grass plant that grows two to three feet tall.
  • The wheat head contains small seeds, also called kernels or grains. The grains are the only part of the wheat plant used for human food. Each head contains 50 to 75 grains.
  • A bushel of wheat weighs about 60 pounds and contains about one million grains.
  • An acre of land, about the size of a football field, can produce enough wheat for about 2,500 loaves of bread.
  • A grain elevator in Hutchinson is ½ mile long and holds 46 million bushels in its 1,000 bins.
  • There are 22,430 Kansas wheat farmers.
  • Kansas makes up 18% of the total U.S. wheat production.
  • Half of the wheat grown in Kansas is used in the United States; the other half is exported.
  • There are 8.8 million acres of Kansas wheat.
  • Nearly one-fifth of all wheat grown in the United States is grown in Kansas. This is why it is called the “Wheat State” and “Breadbasket of the World”.
  • Sumner County, Kansas is known as the “Wheat Capital of the World.” In 2009, the county’s farmers produced 9 million bushels of wheat.
  • A modern combine takes just nine seconds to harvest enough wheat to make about 70 loaves of bread.
  • A family of four can live 10 years off the bread produced from one acre of wheat.
  • American consumers spend the lowest percentage of their annual income on food – just 10%.
  • Agriculture provides almost everything we eat, use and wear on a daily basis.
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